New Delhi, Lifestyle Desk. Arthritis Arthritis is a disease that can affect anyone at any time. Arthritis can occur with age, but many cases in which the patient is 30 years old have been observed. The saddest part is that children also suffer from arthritis, which is called childhood arthritis, that is, juvenile arthritis. Idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is the most common type of childhood arthritis.
According to the 2021 Global RA Network, 35 million people around the world suffer from arthritis, which is a worrying thing because there is no way to know exactly why it started. Let us know about the types of arthritis and their causes.
Common types of arthritis you should know about
Arthritis is inflammation of the joints, a common disorder that causes pain and discomfort. It can also occur in your feet, hands, hips, knees, lower back, and other parts of the body. The most common types of arthritis are:
Osteoarthritis- This condition occurs when the joints are overused, that is, the disease that occurs with age.
Rheumatoid arthritis- RA is an autoimmune disease in which the immune system attacks various parts of the body, especially the joints.
psoriatic arthritis- People with psoriatic arthritis experience swelling of the skin and joints.
gout- This condition is the result of the formation of uric acid crystals in the joint.
juvenile arthritis- Juvenile arthritis is a disorder that affects children who are 16 years of age or younger. It is an autoimmune disease in which the immune system attacks the tissues around the joints.
Because there are many types of arthritis, its causes can be different from person to person.
– Family history of autoimmune diseases may predispose you to rheumatoid arthritis
Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease that occurs when your body’s immune system becomes “confused” after an infection and attacks the body’s tissues, causing inflammation in the joints. It further spreads to other parts of the body, causing more damage than ever before. Although the exact cause of the condition is not yet confirmed, experts believe that a family history of RA or other autoimmune diseases can make a person more vulnerable to the condition.
Obesity can also be a major risk
One of the most common types of arthritis is osteoarthritis, which occurs when joints are overused and cause wear and tear. Although this type of arthritis is usually a result of aging, it can also be caused by obesity. Many experts believe that obesity is also the cause of osteoarthritis because your joints have to bear the weight. Therefore, usually only the hips, legs, knees are affected. Symptoms include joint pain, pain when walking, stiffness even when resting, and the inability to perform routine tasks such as dressing, combing your hair, climbing stairs, and more.
Arthritis can be caused by constant pressure or injury to the joints.
When your joints start to hurt with age, it means that you are suffering from osteoarthritis. Aging is the most common reason behind this condition, but injury to the joints can break down the cartilage, which can lead to osteoarthritis.
Smoking or lack of physical activity also increases the risk of this disease.
Lifestyle factors can also cause arthritis. Smoking or leading a sedentary lifestyle is believed to increase your risk of developing various types of arthritis. Although there is no evidence of this, smoking acts to lower immunity, which is further linked to the development of rheumatoid arthritis.
For people who are already suffering from this problem, smoking can make their symptoms worse.
Disclaimer: The advice and suggestions mentioned in the article are for general information purpose only and should not be taken as professional medical advice. Always consult your doctor if you have any questions or concerns.