For the assembly elections to be held in the state in 2023, the Congress and the BJP have already started the exercise of reaching out to the tribal voters. While Congress is preparing to woo the tribals for the second time on the pretext of tribal dance festival, BJP is also going to organize a Chintan Shivir in Surguja after Bastar. The role of tribals is important in the power of Chhattisgarh. They dominate one-third of the state’s population and one-third of the assembly seats.
This is the reason that the tribals have always been in focus of any government in the state. This is the reason that in just two and a half years, the Congress government has implemented more than 20 small and big schemes for those areas and the people living there. On the other hand, BJP has also started efforts at its level to reach out to the tribal voters. After Bastar, Chintan Shivir is being organized in Surguja.
Since the first elections in the state, the BJP’s graph has been falling continuously in tribal seats. The effect was that after being in power for 15 years, the BJP was reduced to 15 seats in the 2018 assembly elections. Congress, on the other hand, was successful in winning the confidence of the tribals and returned to power with a two-thirds majority by winning 25 out of 29 tribal seats. After forming the government, he did a great job by getting 42 hundred acres of tribal land back in Lohandiguda.
The state government is constantly trying to win the trust of the tribals, under this, 52 types of minor forest produce are purchased in support price, formation of junior selection commission for priority in recruitment to local people, 4000 thousand rupees per standard sack should be given to the tendu leaf collectors. Used to be. More than 20 such small and big schemes have been started, but even after all this, the displeasure of the tribals has been emerging from time to time. Seeing this, the BJP also became active. BJP’s Chintan Shivir in Bastar is believed to be part of this strategy.
State government engaged in removing resentment
From Bastar to Surguja, the tribal society is opposing the government on many issues. Protest continues over the allotment of Parsa coal block in Surguja. At the same time, be it the issue of displacement in the Lemru Elephant Reserve area or the issue of Bodhghat project in Bastar and Nandimines of Bailadila, there is resentment in the tribal society. The Silger movement has increased the difficulties of the government.
13 years agitation then 32% reservation
The tribal community continued to be given 20% reservation in government jobs till 2012. Adivasis struggled for 13 years for 32 per cent reservation as per the percentage of population. The tribals constitute 32 per cent of the state’s population.
maths of tribal seats
The BJP has two tribal MLAs. Among them are Nankiram Kanwar from Korba and Damrudhar Pujari from Gariaband. The BJP does not have a single MLA in Bastar and Surguja. After the formation of the state, the BJP had won 23 seats reserved for tribals. It had won 19 seats in 2008 and 11 in 2013. In 2018, the Congress won 25 of the 29 seats reserved for tribals.