Chanakya Niti: Acharya Chanakya was a world-renowned diplomat and economist as well as a sage, seeker and ascetic of spiritual texts. He was born in the house of sage Chanak 300 years before Christ. Being the son of Chanak, he was called ‘Chanakya’. Later, because of his strategic moves, he was called ‘Kautilya’, because his devious moves did not come in the hands of the enemy. He was a true Mahatma and ascetic even though he was a player of crooked tricks on the board of politics. While staying at Taxila University, he studied spiritual texts and also taught in the same university. He has presented his thoughts in the world famous works ‘Arthashastra’ and ‘Chanakya Niti’. In both these texts, through sutras and verses, he has described life-useful material related to religion, spirituality, raj system and worldly conduct. ‘Economics’ is his huge book. In philosophy texts, there is a very ancient tradition of saying your point in the sutras. Chanakya’s sutras also contain valuable material for building life. Acharya Chanakya has mentioned the golden elements of complete world peace in his brief policy sutras. His contemplation is the essence of the Vedas.

Chanakya composed the book ‘Arthashastra’ for nation building through his life’s sadhana, austerity and self-power. With his skillful thinking and vast experience of politics, he made an ordinary child Emperor Chandragupta. Chanakya, through his best policies, placed Chandragupta on the throne, and gave stability and strength to the nation’s self-respect, independence and culture, by destroying the Nanda dynasty through strong self-confidence and constant effort even in difficult circumstances. Acharya Chanakya was in favor of self-reliance i.e. self-reliance.

Defining the spirit of self-reliance, he says that – ‘Analokya vyayam karta, anathah narah soon vinshyati. That is, the person who spends his resources and material power without thinking more than the capacity and who is helpless orphan is dependent on others. Such a person perishes quickly. Such a person dependent on another has no existence and self-respect in the society. Acharya Chanakya believed that as long as the common man of the society is lacking and suffering from poverty, then he cannot progress on the path of self-reliance. Poverty is the biggest obstacle in self-reliance. Chanakya, while addressing the kings for self-reliance, says that ‘Sarvashch Sampadah Sarvopaye Parigrahet’ means that it is the responsibility of a skilled king to save all kinds of wealth, wealth, punishment, distinction etc. Accept it for the people through policy. It is the ultimate moral obligation of a king to take his subjects on the path of self-reliance. Deprivation, poverty, pathetic condition and the feeling of despair among the people of the society is the biggest obstacle in the path of self-reliance.

Acharya Chanakya’s dream was to make a united India, but at that time the nation was passing through a pathetic condition. Political instability, anarchy and social unrest were spread all around. Alexander was proceeding to attack India and on the other hand Dhananand, the inept ruler of the Nanda dynasty, was leading a life of luxury. In such dire circumstances, Chanakya chose Chandragupta and infused valor, valor, valor and spiritual self-power in him and gathered the scattered power of the whole of India. Acharya Chanakya faced severe crises for the protection of national self-respect, independence and culture. He gave the mantra of balance and organization of Kshatrabal and Brahmabal to Emperor Chandragupta. Acharya believed that a nation which has valor, brave warriors, Kshatriyas well versed in weapons and along with them there are spiritual scholars who guide them with the power of Brahma, then that nation can never be defeated. History is witness that whenever Brahmashakti and Kshatrashakti move together, no power in the world can stop them. In the war of Mahabharata, Yogiraj Sri Krishna became victorious in the war only after being endowed with the symbol of Brahmashakti and Arjuna etc. Guru Samarth Ramdas, a force of spiritual force, produced a general like Shivaji. Spiritual figures like Muni Vashishta and Vishwamitra created a Kshatriya king like Shri Ram.

The thought of Acharya Chanakya was very deep for the strength and stability of the nation. He has said in his policy sources that the complete destruction of the elements of evil tendency, which damage the pride of the nation, is imperative. He writes that – ‘Vi na indro mridho jahi’ means those who are tyrants and those who cause suffering to the people, destroy them completely. The happiness of the people is the root of the state. It is because of the disorder of the management in the nation that disturbances and violence take place. The thought of Acharya Chanakya was that ‘Adham Gamay Tamo Yo Asma Abhidasati’ means the demonic elements who are the destroyers of the freedom, dignity and spiritual wealth of the nation, bring them into the utter darkness. If the leaders of the nation are corrupt, devoid of the knowledge of good governance, then the people there also cannot remain happy. When the king is virtuous, the subjects also behave religiously. When the king becomes a sinner, the subjects also merge in the sinful conduct. If the king remains indifferent, the subjects also remain indifferent. Therefore Chanakya ordered the king to be aware, conscientious and follow the subjects with full readiness. Acharya Chanakya defines the word nation and says that nation does not mean just any plot, in which rivers, mountains, various types of vegetation or animals and birds are there. Rather, the word nation denotes culture, civilization, tradition, language, history, these five subjects. The land of which these components are made together, that is called the nation.

Chanakya’s thought was that every person born in the country should have a sense of dedication towards nation building, that is true nation service. Through his policy sources, Acharya Chanakya awakened the feeling of national self-respect and self-pride on the table of the then dormant public. Chanakya presented the ideology of Kalishta Mantras mentioned in the Vedas through his simple verses and sutras to make the youth realize the right direction. The unity and organization of the nation is essential to keep the country’s self-pride and self-respect strong and unbroken. Chanakya thought that ‘national unity is like the soul in the body of the nation’. Just as a body devoid of soul becomes useless, similarly the nation also collapses in the absence of unity and organization. Acharya tried to organize these four varnas Brahmin, Kshatriya, Vaishya and Shudra. He prepared the expected and humiliated tribal and forest dwellers of that time for Chandragupta’s army. Chanakya used to say that every person in the society should be virtuous and hardworking. People of all the four castes should wake up and always keep the flag of the nation high, symbolizing the lofty, religious, social and national feelings accumulated from time immemorial.

While preaching in spiritual terms, Chanakya writes that ‘Na asti kamasmo vyadhi, na asti mohsamo ripuh. Neither asti kopasmo vahani, nor asti jnanaat param sukham. There is no disease like sex. Infatuation is the biggest enemy of man. There is no fire like anger, that is, anger is fire and there is no greater happiness than knowledge. Talking about the useful sources of human life, Chanakya writes that Trishna is like a river of Vaitarni, from which it is very difficult for man to get out and contentment, self-satisfaction is like Nandan forest. Self-satisfaction in life is said to give happiness like Indra’s garden. Acharya has considered self-confidence and self-contemplation as the pillars of progress. Both of these pave the way for self-respect and spiritual independence. Chanakya says that every man must do self-reflection for his progress, what kind of time is going on, who is my friend, how much is my power? Such contemplation makes man alert and alert. An intelligent person should control his senses and prove his work keeping in mind his capacity according to the time. Chanakya says that the people of the nation can maintain their self-respect and spiritual independence and self-reliance only with the control of senses.

While cautioning the kings of the country, Chanakya says that – ‘Rachya Moolam Indriyajayah’ means that the root of the state is to control the senses. Every nation can progress on the path of progress only, where if the supreme officials keep their senses under control, only by their restraint the happiness and prosperity of the state remains stable.

Describing the path of upliftment, Chanakya says that – ‘Vigyanen Atmanam Sampadayat’ means that every person who wants his welfare should imbibe the esoteric knowledge of physical science, spiritual knowledge and practical skills in his soul. Material science paves the way for worldly journey and spiritual knowledge paves the way for spiritual bliss. A man with such excellent powers embraces Vijayashree on every path of life. Only such a person who is master in knowledge and science can conquer himself. Such great human beings give a new look to the society and their self-respect and self-reliance. In a nation whose subjects have such a noble thought, the self-pride of that nation, its cultural, spiritual independence also remains immortal forever.

The welfare of the entire nation lies in the golden sources of economics of Acharya Chanakya, a scholar of ethics and spirituality. In this golden thought of Chanakya, the immortal elements of self-respect and independence of the nation are included.

Acharya Deep Chand Bhardwaj

Spiritual Thinker and Writer

Edited By: jeetesh kumar