New Delhi, Jnn. China-Taiwan Conflict The confrontation between China and Taiwan is on the surface again. It is being described as the worst situation between the two countries in 40 years. On the one hand, China says that it will bring Taiwan under its control, on the other hand Taiwan’s President Tsai Ing-wen has openly said that the future of Taiwan cannot be decided by China. China believes that Taiwan is a scattered province of its own, which will be reunited sometime or the other. At the same time, most people in Taiwan do not believe so. Even though independence is not officially declared, but they consider themselves citizens of an independent nation.

The root of the present is hidden in history: China and Taiwan have a long history. In the year 239, an emperor of China sent his troops to Taiwan. During that time Taiwan is mentioned for the first time as part of China. Even at present, China uses this fact for its claim on Taiwan. Taiwan had been a Dutch colony for some time during the colonial period. After this it was ruled by the Qing Dynasty of China from 1683 to 1895.

Japan also had control: After its defeat by Japan in 1895, the Qing government gave control of Taiwan to Japan. After this, Japan remained in control for the next few decades. Japan surrendered in World War II. After this, China again took control of Taiwan with the consent of America and Britain.

Civil war changed the picture: In the next few years, civil war broke out in China. Ruler Chiang Kai-shek’s army was defeated by Mao Zedang’s communist army. Chiang and his allies of the Kuomintang (KMT) government fled to Taiwan in 1949. He dominated the politics of Taiwan for the next several years. Later, President Lee Teng-hui, who is called the father of democracy in Taiwan, made constitutional changes and in 2000, for the first time, the way to be elected outside the KMT party opened the way and Chen Shui-bian became the president.

Blindfolding of relations with China: China’s concern grew after Chen Shui-bian became president. Chen had openly advocated independence. He won the election again in 2004. After this China passed the alleged anti-secession law. Under this, he talked about adopting a military route to stop any attempt to separate from China in Taiwan. In 2008, Mae Yeung-joo lobbied to improve relations with China through economic agreements. The next few years saw less confrontation between China and Taiwan.

Changed government, changed atmosphere In 2016, the current President of Taiwan, Tsai Ing-wen, won the election for the first time. She is the leader of the Democratic Progressive Party (DPP), which is officially in favor of Taiwan’s independence. He also spoke to US President Donald Trump in 2016. Since 1979, official relations between Taiwan and the United States have come to an end. The talks between the US and Taiwan again increased China’s concern. The US assured Taiwan of arms supplies. Tsai’s re-win in 2020 added to the difficulties for China.

Taiwan fulfills the conditions of an independent nation: China may not accept it, but Taiwan fulfills the conditions of an independent nation. It has its own constitution, a democratically elected leader and an armed force of about three lakh men. Taiwan’s military is ranked 22nd in the list of 140 countries in 2021. Taiwan’s military power has been strengthened with the help of America.

Edited By: Sanjay Pokhriyal