Deafness Causes: What Causes Deafness? Know the causes, types and methods of treatment

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Causes Of Deafness: The symptoms of hearing loss can be mild, moderate, severe. Patients with mild hearing loss may have trouble understanding conversations, especially if there is a lot of noise around, while people with moderate hearing loss may need a hearing aid.

Hearing Disorders And Deafness: Hearing loss or deafness is the problem of hearing wholly or partially when someone speaks loudly. This makes it difficult to understand, follow, or engage in conversation. One has to struggle to understand what people are saying on TV or on the telephone. The symptoms of hearing loss can be mild, moderate, severe. Patients with mild hearing loss may have trouble understanding conversations, especially if there is a lot of noise around, while people with moderate hearing loss may need a hearing aid. Some people who are severely deaf have to rely on lip-reading or sign language. There can be many reasons for hearing loss. Here we are telling you about the same causes and treatment.

What is the cause of deafness? (What Is The Cause Of Deafness?)

Hearing loss is often caused by loud noises. Exposure to noise can damage the nerve cells of the cochlea, the organ that sends sound signals to the brain. Due to the damage of these nerve cells, the signals do not reach the brain properly. This causes deafness. This can also happen due to ageing. Apart from this, there are many reasons for deafness.

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1. Congenital conditions such as cytomegalovirus.
2. Coronary artery disease, high blood pressure and stroke.
3. Damage by accident or injury.
4. Ear infection, ear wax buildup or torn eardrum.
5. Having a family history of hearing loss.
6. Medicines to treat cancer, heart disease and infections.
7. Abnormal growth or tumor of the ear bone.

What are the types of Hearing Loss?

There are three types of hearing loss. Conductive hearing loss, sensorineural hearing loss and mixed hearing loss. The cause of conductive hearing loss is any problem in the outer and middle part of the ear. The cause of sensorineural hearing loss is a problem in the inner part of the ear. In this, the hair cells start getting destroyed or do not work properly. Some people have both conductive and sensorineural hearing loss. Head injury, infection or an inherited condition can cause mixed hearing loss.

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Treatment Of Deafness

Hearing loss treatment often depends on the type and degree of hearing loss. Things that are included in the treatment:

1. Hearing Assist Device

These devices help restore hearing. Hearing aids are devices worn on or inside the ear to amplify the voice.

2. Hearing Rehabilitation

Also called audiologic rehabilitation, this therapy helps with hearing loss and adjusting with hearing aids. The therapist can also help you learn to use visual cues and lip reading to improve communication.

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3. Medicines

Antibiotics are used to treat hearing loss caused by ear infections. Corticosteroids can reduce inflammation of the eye cells after exposure to loud noises.

4. Surgery

In this, the ear tube is placed in the eardrum. Ear tubes treat chronic infections that occur in the middle of the ear. These infections cause hearing loss. Tumors and birth defects are also corrected by surgery.

Disclaimer: This material, including advice, provides general information only. It is in no way a substitute for qualified medical opinion. Always consult an expert or your doctor for more details. NDTV does not claim responsibility for this information.

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