There are 100 million people in the country who have not taken the second dose of the vaccine even after the date. This is a matter of concern for us. The central government has asked the states and union territories to extract the information of such people and give the second dose at the earliest. According to experts, such people can become a major obstacle in vaccination coverage and it can also affect herd immunity.
Let us understand, how many people have missed the second dose? What is the status of vaccination coverage in the country right now? How important is the second dose? Can only one dose of vaccine protect you from corona? And after how many days after missing the second dose, you can get the dose again…
First of all know the number of people who did not get the second dose
According to the data, a total of 10.34 crore people in 17 states have not got the second dose. That is, the dose was not taken even after the date for the second dose had passed. The gap between two doses of Covishield in India is 12-16 weeks. At the same time, two doses of Covaxin are administered in a gap of 4-6 weeks.
There are 3.92 crore people out of 10.34 crore, whose date of second dose has passed more than 6 weeks. There are 1.57 crores whose doses have been missed for 4-6 weeks and there are about 1.50 crores whose doses have been missed for 2-4 weeks.
In which state, how many people did not get the second dose done?
The highest number of people who have missed the second dose are in Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan. Of the total people who have missed the second dose, 35% are from these three states.
How important is it to take both doses of the vaccine?
According to Epidemiologist Dr Chandrakant LahariaWe have to remember that the vaccine is fully effective only when both doses are taken. Also, the first dose of the vaccine prepares the body to make antibodies. The second dose creates a sufficient number of antibodies in the body, which remain in the body for a long time. So one dose of vaccine is not enough. You don’t get full protection until you are fully vaccinated. That is why it is very important that you take both doses of the vaccine.
Does a single dose of vaccine provide enough immunity?
Most vaccines do not have a single dose efficacy test. That is, no tests have been done about how effective their one dose is. That’s why we don’t know how effective a single dose of the vaccine is. Although a study done on a single dose of CoveShield has found that a single dose of CoveShield does provide some protection, but its effect wears off very quickly. Therefore, taking both doses of the vaccine can give you enough immunity.
Those who have missed the second dose for a long time, will they have to take the first dose again?
No. Such people will not have to take the first dose again. You can take another dose whenever you get a chance.
Missing the dose will reduce the antibodies, will such people be given a booster dose (the third vaccine)?
The booster dose (the third vaccine) is talked about on the basis of scientific evidence. Research has been done on some of the vaccines currently available. These research have revealed that antibodies decrease over time, but our aim of vaccination is to protect people from serious illness, hospitalization and death. Even though the antibodies in our body are low, but they are still effective in protecting us from serious illness, hospitalization and death due to corona. Therefore, at present, the booster dose is not being recommended, but it may be necessary that in the future, a booster dose may be needed. For now, our priority is to get as many people vaccinated as possible.
What happens if you take only one dose of the vaccine?
Some vaccines, such as Covaxin, do not provide any protection from a single dose. If you don’t get another dose, you’re almost on par with unvaccinated people. That is, there is no point in applying for one dose. That’s why it is very important to have a second dose. If you took only one dose of the vaccine, you may have better antibodies than unvaccinated people, but the difference in antibody levels will not be much. After 5 to 6 months, your antibody level will be equal to that of unvaccinated people.
Could this increase the risk of a third wave?
The role of the vaccine is to protect infected people from serious illness, hospitalization and death. The vaccine does not protect against infection. Therefore, to avoid the third wave, along with vaccination, it is also necessary to follow the Kovid protocol in a better way. Also, it has to be remembered that if there is a third wave, then unvaccinated people will be at higher risk of serious disease. At the same time, this risk will be less for vaccinated people.
Also, do not think at all that Corona is over. If you have not taken a single dose yet or you are yet to take a second dose, then completely vaccinate yourself as soon as possible. Also, motivate the unvaccinated people to get vaccinated.