Abhishek Kumar Singh. Due to the restrictions of the Kovid era, work from home has been given importance by the governments of every country and most of the companies. The world has seen that even in a world that has come to a standstill with the help of mobile-computers and the Internet, a lot of work has been done in a jiffy sitting at home. Information technology ie IT companies were especially appreciated for this. The work from home model of work is still going on in all the well-known IT companies of the country and abroad.

During this period, it is believed that many employees are earning some extra income beyond their regular salary from the company to earn some relief in cases like rising inflation and job instability etc. This trend of earning money from work other than one’s job has been termed as Moonlighting in English. However, it has been termed unethical by leading IT companies such as Infosys, Wipro and IBM. Well, not everyone is opposed to moonlighting. App-based food service provider Swiggy and another company Cred have not lodged any objection to this. That is, if their employees do any other work outside the office according to the fixed working hours, then these companies do not consider it illegitimate. Clearly the world is divided on the subject of moonlighting. Especially at the management level, companies feel that by doing this the employees are cheating them. They are not loyal to the company, but is it really so?

What is Moonlighting? By the way, at the time of appointment of employees in an office or private company, it is determined that how many hours their job will be? And what will be their working conditions? Employees are expected to show no indiscipline and not to go beyond the limits of ethics in terms of working hours and terms and conditions of the job. That is, after coming to the office, they will complete the work given for the fixed hours with full dedication.

There is often no interference from companies about what employees do in their remaining time off and weekends after duty is over. In such a situation, after the end of duty, employees around the world also do any other work according to their skill and ability, so that they can earn some extra income. This whole trend has been named Moonlighting. This trend continued even before the Kovid period, but moonlighting is claimed to have reached its peak during the period of the rapid spread of the corona virus, when most employees got the opportunity to work from home.

The reason for this is that the time and labor savings in commuting to the office encouraged employees to do some other work, but the time and labor savings are not the only reason for moonlighting. Many a times employees look for a suitable place to use their skills when they do not get the desired work and responsibilities in their organization. For this, when they get additional income from salary, then the situation becomes icing on the cake. It can be understood with an example. Let’s say the manager or cashier at the bank is good at humor.

There will be neither incentive nor extra income for such an employee to do standup comedy in the bank. In such a situation, if he makes people laugh by going to a fun-club or making his own comedy channel on YouTube, then from this he can earn income by using his talent properly. Many a times such employees eventually go into the profession of their choice. There are hundreds of examples when a banker became an eminent writer or an IT engineer went into a career as a film producer.

Of course, it starts with moonlighting many times, about which IT companies have first lodged objections. In this regard, while IT company Infosys has criticized Moonlighting as dual job (two timing), while Wipro’s management has clearly termed it as fraud. The question is, why is it being discussed here only? The reason for the opposition of companies: In fact, the work from home concept, which became more prevalent in the Kovid period, has raised doubts in the minds of the managers of the companies whether their employees have caught other work after work and while on duty. .

This is especially so in areas where demand exceeds supply. Since every company needed IT professionals in the covid era, the same number of employees were not available. This created additional work opportunities for IT professionals. Along with this, the employees who were under the supervision of the officers and managers in the office were now dealing with the work from their homes. There it was not possible to supervise them, which made it easy for the employees to do other work as well. However, it is not necessary that they are doing any fraud with their employer company for this. The freedom to do the work you want with the time-labour saved after office duty can be a big reason for this. But the management of many IT companies has justified this practice as illegitimate.

In fact, most of the IT companies today are deprived of skilled labor, due to which their managers are feeling the pressure. Apart from this, the projects received from abroad have either come down or their value has been reduced during the Kovid period. This has resulted in a decline in the income of IT companies. Recently, many IT companies have even laid off their employees. However, not all companies necessarily consider moonlighting to be a bad practice. A US report published last year in the Academy of Management Journal claimed that side-jobs make many employees feel more powerful and capable, which has a positive impact on their original job. There they work more diligently, but there are many other reasons why employees seek out-of-job side-jobs or side businesses?

Reasons for Moonlighting: Most of the IT companies have their offices in cities like Bangalore, Hyderabad or Gurugram. Living there is very expensive. To keep pace with this inflation, many employees try their hand at moonlighting, so that day-to-day expenses can be met. Apart from this, in many companies, the work pressure is so high that employees want to leave their jobs before the age of 40 by setting up a business (eg startup). Starting a startup requires huge capital, which motivates them to do other work outside the job. It will be remembered that Sachin Bansal and Binny Bansal, who founded Flipkart in the year 2007, used to work in IT companies only. While working there, Moonlighting gave him the opportunity to set up a startup company like Flipkart. That is, the urge to become one’s own bass also motivates employees to moonlighting.

Generally in any job (private or government) an employee is not required to do any other work for an average living and daily expenses. In any job, it is also expected from the employees that they will use their time, ability and talent only in the interest of the original job i.e. the employer.

Now many companies clearly write in the contract (job contract) of their employees to be hired that the employee will also make his intellectual contribution in the interest of the company, not outside. However, with the terms of conflict of interest, confidentiality and no outside work during working hours in the contract, some companies allow their employees to use the remaining time in the context of moonlighting. The condition is that it should not affect their basic or regular job. The Factories Act of India prohibits doing two jobs simultaneously.

This is the reason that when an employee is caught doing two or more jobs, he has to lose the original job, but in this world of labor there is one thing freelancing – which is the basis of moonlighting and has been there for a long time. In the time left after eight to ten hours of work or on weekends, if a person does any other work of his own free will without breaking any rules, then he is making proper use of his talent more than earning extra income. it happens.

It is not necessary that under freelancing, an IT engineer should work on an IT project only, he may write an article or work on the script of a film. Preparing excel sheet, website building, dubbing, marketing and taking any external project as consultant is not only financially beneficial for an employee, but companies also outsource many such tasks. Surprisingly, the IT companies that are opposing moonlighting today have thrived on the strength of outsourced work from abroad.

[संस्था आइएफएस ग्लोबल से संबद्ध]

Edited By: Sanjay Pokhriyal