National Desk, New Delhi. Ranil Wickremesinghe was sworn in as Prime Minister on Thursday in neighboring Sri Lanka, which is facing its biggest economic crisis so far. Wickremesinghe, who became PM for the fifth time, has no shortage of experience, but this time the challenges are not less. Know about his journey so far, the challenges of this time and India’s vision.

Sri Lanka, caught in its biggest economic crisis since independence, has undergone a major political reshuffle. Ranil Wickremesinghe, the chief of the United National Party (UNP), a party that holds only one seat in the 225-member parliament, was sworn in as prime minister on Thursday. He has been the Prime Minister of the country four times in the past and he is not short of experience, but this time the challenges are more. People in Sri Lanka, standing on the verge of ruin due to economic crisis, have come down on rebellion. The people sitting in the government are constantly facing public anger. The army has been deployed in the country due to the rebellion. In such a situation, it will be important to see how he brings the country back on track.

Lawyer, journalist and politician

Ranil Wickremesinghe was born on March 24, 1949 in Colombo. Ranil, the second son of Esmond Wickremesinghe and Nalini Wickremesinghe, started his career as a lawyer like his father. It is also said that he did journalism for some time like his father. After completing his studies from the Royal College of Colombo, he first practiced law and later stepped into politics.

Political career progressed like this

Ranil Wickremesinghe entered politics in the middle of the eighties of the last century. He joined the United National Party (UNP). In 1977, he reached Parliament for the first time by winning from the Byagama seat. The then Prime Minister JR Jayawardene made him the Deputy External Affairs Minister. Gradually, experience in politics and stature in the party went on increasing. In 1994, he was elected head of the UNP. On May 1, 1993, the then Sri Lankan President Ranasinghe Premadasa was killed in a suicide attack by the Tamil rebel group LTTE. After this an interim government was formed under the leadership of DB Vijetunga. In this, Ranil Wickremesinghe was made the Prime Minister. Ranil Wickremesinghe, who took over as the Prime Minister for the first time in 1993, is known as a leader who handled the economy with visionary policies. He is considered such a leader of Sri Lanka, who can also mobilize cooperation at the international level. Ranil Wickremesinghe, who became the Prime Minister for the fifth time, will have to deal with many challenges together this time.

These will be the challenges

1. Bringing the country’s devastated economy back on track.

2. To take necessary steps to reduce foreign debt.

3. To quell the rebellion of the people.

4. Attention to foreign policy, which during the tenure of the Rajapaksa family leaned more towards China.

These can be options

1. Request for loan from IMF to get out of foreign debt. This can give immediate relief.

2. Attention to improve relations with India. Ranil Wickremesinghe has started it with his statement, in which he has thanked PM Modi for financial help.

3. Balanced policy regarding China, because now Sri Lanka is deeply in debt of dragon.

4. Attention towards changing the decision taken earlier regarding organic farming.

how long was the prime minister

First term : 1993-94

Second term : 2001-04

Third term : 2015-18

Fourth Term: 2018-19

Fifth Term 2022-Continued

Edited By: Dhyanendra Singh Chauhan