New Delhi, Roohi Parvez. Pollution levels in many cities of the country still remain at dangerous levels. Due to which there has also been an increase in colds, sore throat, cough and respiratory diseases. Poisonous air affects not only the lungs but also the heart, kidneys, brain as well as the eyes. People are wearing masks to avoid Kovid-19 and pollution, which will reduce the damage to your lungs and other organs, but no one knows what to do to protect the eyes.

We talked to the experts to know how pollution affects the eyes and how it can be avoided.

How can toxic air harm the eyes?

Dr. Rishi Bhardwaj, Head, Department of Ophthalmology at Paras Hospital, Gurugram says, “Pollution is spreading havoc in our cities and towns. People in general believe that pollution mostly affects our lungs, but this It is important to know that this pollution is also seriously harmful for our eye health. As soon as the toxic pollutants come in contact with the outer surface of the eye, especially the cornea and conjunctiva, it causes itching, burning feeling in the eyes. Sometimes the irritation is so intense that the eyes become red. Continuous rubbing of the eyes can lead to thinning of the cornea. Especially in children, if the eyes are rubbed for a long time, it can lead to corneal thinning and Keratoconus can be a serious eye disease, due to which the eyes become weak and blurred vision with poor near vision.

At the same time, you may start the problem of dry eyes, which once again damages the cornea. Especially in winter, smog can cause severe dryness of the eyes and cause watery symptoms with irritation. In such a situation, the risk of getting eye infection also increases.

Dr. Rishi Raj Borah, Country Director, Orbis India, says that “Air pollution can affect our eyes, even those who wear glasses. It is said that people who regularly Those exposed to polluted air may experience watery eyes or burning in the eyes.

Experts say that it can also lead to dry eye syndrome. Cities like Delhi and NCR have again gone into work-from-home mode, so there is a possibility that the incidence of dry eye syndrome may increase. A 2015 study by AIIMS, New Delhi shows that 10 to 15% of people in Delhi suffer from chronic irritation and dry eye syndrome due to constant exposure to high levels of pollutants in the air. Redness of the eyes, loss of vision, pain, sensitivity to wind and smoke are some of the common symptoms of dry eye syndrome.”

How to protect eyes from pollution?

Dr. Rishi Bhardwaj told that to protect the eyes from contaminated air, it is important that people wear sunglasses while going out, keep themselves hydrated, avoid rubbing the eyes vigorously, do not wash hands before touching their eyes. Don’t forget, use laptop and mobile to a minimum and don’t forget to blink your eyes. After every 20 minutes, relax the eyes for 20 seconds. Put the eye drops only as prescribed by an ophthalmologist. However, use them only when needed.

Edited By: Ruhee Parvez