When the stationery shop was ruined, they started growing pearls: Pearl King became a BA pass shopkeeper; Earning up to Rs 14 lakh

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You must have heard that famous song – my country’s land is gold, Ugle hire moti… 25 water tanks kept in the house of youth Narendra Garva of Renwal town of Jaipur district are spewing pearls. Shocked? In Mere Desh Ki Kheti, I will tell you how Narendra Garva is earning lakhs of rupees from pearl farming after incurring loss in stationery shop.

The salt lake is about 40 km to the north-east of Sambhar and about 70 km from the city of Jaipur, Renwal town. Here Narendra Girva lives in the weavers’ locality. Narendra, 46, has been doing pearl farming since 2016.

Narendra told that he had a stationery shop before doing Pearl Farming. In 2007, this shop started the work of stationery on rent in the main market of Renwal. By the time 2015, the earnings of stationery decreased significantly. Had to suffer a loss of Rs 4-5 lakh. Now they are earning up to 14 lakhs every year from pearl farming.

The idea came when the stationery shop closed
Narendra told that his father Hiralal Girva (73) had retired from the primary government school in Renwal in 2009. Both daughters Harshita and Yana were growing up. The shop was not running. There was a constant loss. By 2015, even paying rent became difficult.

Eventually the shop closed. After this, hours started looking for startup plans on the Internet. Wife Santosh took over the house and daughters and I started looking for new avenues. Today, I am not only earning from pearl farming, but through my own foundation, I am also getting projects done by training this farming in the country and the world.

Narendra Garva, whose stubbornness has made him the master of Pearl Production.  For the first time, production was taken from only 35 out of 500 oysters.  After that, got training.  Now taking 4000 pearls from one consignment.  A pearl sells for Rs 400.

Brought oysters without training, only 70 pearls were produced
During this time came to know about pearl farming. Thought it was an easy job. Buy oysters from fishermen, put them in the water tank at home, get pearls after a year. With just this information, in January 2016, he took a train from the village along with Natwarlal and went to Kerala. There he brought 500 oysters from the fishermen.

It took a week to return by train. Oyster is a living animal. Put all the oysters in the water tank and kept pouring water as was the information. For the first time, only 35 out of 500 oysters yielded 70 pearls. Then it felt like training was needed.

Consignments of cement are prepared in the tank through Narendra oysters.  The consignment is ready in about a year and a half.  One oyster yields 2 pearls.

Earn 2 lakhs from pearl after training
After collecting the information, it came to know that the Central Institute of Sweet Aquaculture (CIFA) in Bhubaneswar, Odisha gives training in pearl farming. This is a government institution. Narendra took 5 days training for 6 thousand rupees. There he got accurate information about pearl farming. After this, Narendra did not look back.

In 2017, he earned 2 lakh rupees from 1000 oysters, then the confidence was awakened. Narendra told that during the rainy days, the oysters out of the rivers reach the sea. Fishermen collect them. September-October is the ideal time to buy oysters. The cost of an oyster comes to about 50 rupees.

Cultivation of pearls is a work of patience.  One has to wait about one and a half years for its consignment.

White pearls are made in the water tank
Narendra told that he produces white pearls. For pearl farming, there should be enough space in the house in which some water tanks can be kept. Narendra brings about 3,000 oysters from Kerala in September-October. Store them in 25 home made water tanks. In 15 to 18 months 2 pearls are ready from one oyster. Out of 3 thousand oysters, 1 thousand oysters do not produce pearls. 4 thousand white pearls are obtained from 2 thousand oysters.

Oysters are kept in the water tank for 15 to 18 months. Oysters are living beings, so food is put in. Algae, multivitamins and lime are added to the water. Lime gives shine to pearls. Oxygen is given in the water from the machine twice a day. Water is maintained at a temperature of 20 to 25 degrees.

Pearl production is not an easy task either.  Narendra brings live oysters from fishermen to Kerala in September-October.  After this, these oysters are kept for one and a half years.  Some things have to be taken care of continuously, otherwise the oyster would not be able to produce pearls.

Expenses and earnings of making pearls from oysters
An oyster costs 50 to 60 rupees in a year. Two pearls come out in an oyster. Narendra takes out 4 thousand pearls from a consignment. These pearls are sold for Rs 200 to 400 per piece. In this way a consignment is sold for Rs 8 lakh to Rs 16 lakh. Whereas the expenditure on one consignment comes to one and a half to 2 lakh rupees.

Accordingly, the earnings per consignment (in one to one and a half years) ranges from 6 to 14 lakh rupees. These pearls are also sold online. Pharmaceutical companies, Ayurvedic companies, jewelers, handicraft organizations buy these pearls.

The temperature of the pond has to be maintained.  Oysters have to be reared till pearl production.

Now give training to people, get projects done in the country and abroad
Narendra, who has become proficient in pearl farming, also trains people and gets projects done. In 2018 he started an NGO named Alkha Foundation. Through this NGO, Narendra has taught pearl farming to 250 people. After taking training from them, people have started pearl farming in Himachal, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Punjab, Chandigarh and other states.

Pearl farming is also being done in Ajmer, Sikar, Jhunjhunu, Churu, Alwar, Bharatpur, Nagaur, Chittorgarh, Udaipur in Rajasthan. Narendra told that he has offers to start the project from Nepal and Bhutan. Apart from this, there is talk of setting up projects in Dubai and Romania in 2023.

Natural pearl is precious in itself.

Narendra told that his elder daughter Harshit has passed BA, she is 23 years old. Younger daughter Yana is studying in 11th standard. Now the girls are not worried. Earning good yearly. People themselves search the internet and contact and demand White Pearl. Some people want to know about farming. Some ask for help in setting up a project. Now I am completely busy in pearl farming.

Why Renwal is called Kishangarh-Renwal is also interesting.

Interesting facts about Renwal

Content & Video – Lekhraj Kumawat with Manoj Saini.

Credit: www.bhaskar.com /

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